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Alcoholism & Addiction

Some People Can Cut Down on Drinking Before it Becomes Problematic

When Bill Wilson declared his powerlessness over alcohol in his 1939 book called “Alcoholics Anonymous” (known among AA members as “The Big Book”), he contended that he had to “hit bottom” as an alcoholic before changing his life, and that sobriety could only be achieved through complete abstinence. Seventy years later, top addiction experts are no longer sure that this is true...

Ankle Bracelet Helps Ensure Sobriety of Patients in Buffalo Veterans Treatment Court

The Buffalo Veterans Treatment Court is employing a high-tech tool to help curb the occurrence of alcohol abuse and addiction among veterans by measuring for alcohol consumption through an ankle bracelet. The technology, known as SCRAM (Secure Continuous Remote Alcohol Monitor), was introduced in 2003 by Colorado-based Alcohol Monitoring Systems, Inc. The ankle bracelet, worn 24/7, samples an offender’s...

Fruit Flies Help Identify Networks of Genes that Play Major Role in Alcoholism

A group of drunken fruit flies have helped researchers from North Carolina State and Boston universities identify entire networks of genes (also present in humans) that play a key role in alcohol drinking behavior. Science Daily reports that this discovery, published in the October 2009 print issue of the journal Genetics, provides a crucial explanation of why some people seem to tolerate alcohol better than...

Bon Jovi Drummer Opens Up About Alcohol Abuse in Documentary

Bon Jovi drummer Tico Torres has opened up about his years of alcohol abuse in a documentary about the band, revealing that his heavy drinking was related to his absent father. Torres admits he was "killing" himself with drinking in the early 1990s until his bandmates urged him to seek help. He then turned to psychologist Lou Cox, who helped keep the band together after they fired manager Doc McGrath in...

Two-Thirds of Scots Admit to Drinking Too Much Alcohol

Two-thirds of Scots admit to drinking too much alcohol, new research has revealed. In a study examining the reason why people drink, only 35 percent of Scots said they drink in moderation, while the rest said they drink excessively. The Scotsman.com reports that according to the research carried out by the British Society of Gastroenterology, a quarter (26 percent) of Londoners said they drink to calm their nerves,...

Proteins in Immune System May Influence Alcohol Dependence

Cytokines are small proteins secreted by cells that serve as molecular messengers between cells. New research shows that pro-inflammatory cytokines—which function in the immune system—may be involved in alcohol dependence (AD). Science Daily reports that a study of three polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 gene complex (IL-1) and one of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) has found that IL-1 may...

Study Examines Link Between Ethnic Background and Alcoholism

While some may believe alcoholism and drug abuse does not play favorites among different ethnic groups, research suggests that such use can wreak more havoc depending upon a person’s background. Researchers from the University of Kansas Medical Center suggest Hispanics with alcohol-induced problems – especially male Mexican Americans – endure significantly worse health and welfare than those from...

Young Drinkers More Susceptible to Developing Alcohol Problems Later in Life

A new study warns that the age at which a person takes his or her first drink may influence genes linked to alcoholism, making the youngest drinkers the most susceptible to severe problems. Science Daily reports that a team of researchers, led by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, studied 6,257 adult twins from Australia to learn whether twins who start drinking at an early age are...

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