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Alcoholism & Addiction

Trend Analysis Finds Alcohol Consumption Rises Among Multiple Ethnic Groups

As Whites are considered the majority in the United States, the habits of such individuals are often observed by industries trying to measure trends. When it comes to alcohol consumption only paying attention to one portion of the overall population can minimize trends and even risks for other groups. Trend analysis is important, as long as it accurately captures information that is used to address problems. In the...

Postural Sway Due to Alcoholism Can Improve with Prolonged Sobriety

Excessive sway during quiet standing is a common and significant consequence of chronic alcoholism, even after prolonged sobriety, and can lead to fall-related injury and even death. Science Daily reports that a new study of residual postural instability in alcohol-abstinent men and women shows that alcoholics improve with prolonged sobriety, but the improvement may not fully erase the problem of instability....

Fruit Flies Behave Like Humans With Regard to Alcohol Consumption

When given the chance to consume alcohol at will, fruit flies behave in ways that look a lot like human alcoholism, according to a study published online on December 10th in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication. Science Daily reports that this study is one of the first to consider alcohol self-administration in the insects. "The flies choose to consume alcohol to intoxicating levels, they will do so even...

Fruit Flies Help Identify Networks of Genes that Play Major Role in Alcoholism

A group of drunken fruit flies have helped researchers from North Carolina State and Boston universities identify entire networks of genes (also present in humans) that play a key role in alcohol drinking behavior. Science Daily reports that this discovery, published in the October 2009 print issue of the journal Genetics, provides a crucial explanation of why some people seem to tolerate alcohol better than...

Researchers Warn About Alcohol Use among UK South Asians

In an editorial published on BMJ.com, researchers warn that alcohol use among South Asians in the UK is under-recognized, and that alcohol-related harm is disproportionately high among this group. Science Daily reports that the researchers argue that some subgroups of South Asians in the UK have a major problem with alcohol and seem to be more susceptible to its effects. Yet the government’s health strategy...

Proteins in Immune System May Influence Alcohol Dependence

Cytokines are small proteins secreted by cells that serve as molecular messengers between cells. New research shows that pro-inflammatory cytokines—which function in the immune system—may be involved in alcohol dependence (AD). Science Daily reports that a study of three polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 gene complex (IL-1) and one of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) has found that IL-1 may...

Study Examines Link Between Ethnic Background and Alcoholism

While some may believe alcoholism and drug abuse does not play favorites among different ethnic groups, research suggests that such use can wreak more havoc depending upon a person’s background. Researchers from the University of Kansas Medical Center suggest Hispanics with alcohol-induced problems – especially male Mexican Americans – endure significantly worse health and welfare than those from...

Young Drinkers More Susceptible to Developing Alcohol Problems Later in Life

A new study warns that the age at which a person takes his or her first drink may influence genes linked to alcoholism, making the youngest drinkers the most susceptible to severe problems. Science Daily reports that a team of researchers, led by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, studied 6,257 adult twins from Australia to learn whether twins who start drinking at an early age are...

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