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Alcoholism & Addiction

TEDS Examines Substance Abuse Characteristics for Treatment Admissions (Part I)

The Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) is a summary report of information on the demographic and substance abuse characteristics of 1.8 million annual admissions to treatment for abuse of alcohol and drugs in facilities that report to State data systems. This report covers admissions for 1997-2007.

There are a number of reasons an individual will report to a treatment facility, but five substances accounted for 96 percent of all TEDS admissions in 2007. These substances included alcohol in a strong lead at 40 percent; opiates, primarily heroin, at 19 percent; marijuana at 16 percent; cocaine at 13 percent; and stimulants at 8 percent. The primary stimulant used was methamphetamine.

While alcohol was the primary substance of use in TEDS admissions, it was still down from 50 percent in 1997. Roughly three-quarters of admissions for alcohol abuse alone and for alcohol use with a secondary drug were male. For alcohol-only admissions, the average age of those admitted was 39 years. The average age for individuals admitted with an alcohol and drug problem was 35 years.

Of those alcohol users admitted in 2007, 45 percent reported using a secondary drug as well. For those alcohol-only admissions, 69 percent were white, 13 percent were of Hispanic origin and 11 percent were non-Hispanic Black. Those admitted with a secondary drug problem also had a mixed population. A full 60 percent were non-Hispanic White, 23 percent were non-Hispanic Black and 11 percent were of Hispanic origin.

Heroin had an interesting change of pace throughout the ten years of data capture. While it was a primary substance for 15 percent of TEDS admissions in 1997, it increased to 16 percent in 2001. Admissions then took a turn as heroin as a primary substance declined to 14 percent in 2004 through 2007.

Males tended to dominate the heroin admissions as 69 percent who reported primary substance were male. Non-Hispanic White accounted for 52 percent of primary heroin admissions, followed by 22 percent who were of Hispanic origin and 22 percent who were non-Hispanic Black.

The average age for primary heroin admissions was 36 years. At the same time, 64 percent of primary heroin admissions reported injection as the primary method of administration. Another 32 percent reported inhalation and 2 percent reported smoking the drug.

Those individuals with TED admissions with marijuana as primary abuse increased from 12 percent in 1997 to 16 percent in 2003 through 2007. Roughly 74 percent of these admissions were male and 51 percent were non-Hispanic White. Another 29 percent were non-Hispanic and 15 percent were of Hispanic origin. The average admission age was 24 years old.

Cocaine and/or crack use also danced around in admission numbers over the ten year data period. Admission numbers sat at 15 percent in 1997 and decreased to 13 percent in 2001 and 2002. Admissions then increased to 14 percent from 2003 through 2006 before declining again to 13 percent in 2007.

Those who smoked cocaine as crack represented 72 percent of all primary cocaine admissions in 2007. 58 percent of those individuals admitted for smoked cocaine as the primary substance were male, versus 65 percent of non-smoked cocaine admissions. The average age for smoked cocaine use was 39 years, while the average age for non-smoked cocaine was 34 years.

For those primary cocaine admissions who smoked the drug, 49 percent were non-Hispanic Black, 40 percent were non-Hispanic White and 8 percent were of Hispanic origin. For non-smoked cocaine use, non-Hispanic Whites represented 54 percent, followed by non-Hispanic Blacks at 23 percent and persons of Hispanic origin at 19 percent.

Individuals who were admitted for cocaine use as a primary who did not smoke the drug inhaled it 81 percent of the time. Another 11 percent reported injection as the method of administration and 5 percent reported oral use.

Overall, those TEDS admissions with methamphetamine or other stimulants as the primary abuse increased from 4 percent in 1997 to a high of 9 percent in 2005. Admissions in 2006 decreased to 8 percent and remained at this level in 2007. Of these admissions, 54 percent were male and the average age was 32 years.

For these primary stimulant users, 66 percent were non-Hispanic White, 21 percent were of Hispanic origin and 3 percent were Asia/Pacific Islander or non-Hispanic Black. The most common method of administration reported was smoking by 66 percent, 18 percent reported injection and 10 percent reported inhalation.

The second part of this summary will include such data as education level, employment status, type of service, sources of referral and race and/or ethnicity.
 

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  1. […] The Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) is a summary report of information on the demographic and substance abuse characteristics of 1.8 million annual admissions to treatment for abuse of alcohol and drugs in facilities that report to State data systems. This report covers admissions for 1997-2007.  (Read Part I of the study) […]

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